Diabetes Campaign Small Steps, Big Rewards
Wednesday, October 20, 2010 What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious, chronic metabolic disease characterized by an increase in blood sugar levels associated with long term damage and organ failure, especially the eyes, the kidneys, the nerves, the heart and blood vessels.
Diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not adequately produce insulin.  Insulin is a hormone necessary for the proper utilization of sugar by muscles, fat and liver.





How will you know if you are a diabetic?

1. Frequent urination
2. Excessive thirst
3. Unexplained weight loss
4. Fasting blood glucose level of
    more than 126mg/dl






What can you do to control your blood sugar?

1. Diet Therapy
Avoid simple sugars like cakes and chocolates. Instead have complex carbohydrates like rice, pasta, cereals and fresh fruits. Do not skip or delay meals. It causes fluctuations in blood sugar levels. Eat more fiber-rich foods like vegetables. Cut down on salt. Avoid alcohol. No more than two drinks for men and no more than one drink per day for women.

2. Exercise
Regular exercise is an important part of diabetes control. Improves cardiovascular fitness Helps insulin to work better and lower blood sugar Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol levels Reduces body fat and controls body weight.
Exercise at least 3 times a week for at least 30 minutes each session. Always carry quick sugar sources like candy or softdrink to avoid hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) during and after exercise.

3. Control your weight
If you are overweight or obese, start weight reduction by diet and exercise. This improves your cardiovascular risk profile. It lowers your blood sugar It improves your lipid profile It improves your blood pressure control.


4. Quit smoking.
Smoking is harmful to your health.

5. Maintain a normal blood pressure.
A reliable BP monitoring and control is recommended. See your doctor for advice and management.

What are the complications of diabetes?

  - Blindness
  - Kidney failure
  - Stroke
  - Heart attack
  - Wounds that would not heal
  - Impotence


Who are at risk of diabetes?

  - children of diabetics
  - obese people
  - people with hypertension
  - people with high cholesterol levels
  - people with sedentary lifestyles



Remember!!!

It's Never Too Early to Prevent Diabetes



Source: DOH Philippines and CDC

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